Chinese characters are logograms utilized in the writing of Japanese , Korean, Chinese and a few other Asian languages. They are called hànzì In Standard Chinese. They’ve been used to write some other languages, such as Japanese , in which they’re referred to as kanji; Korean , in which they’re named hanja.
In English, they’re also known as Han characters. Chinese characters make up the most ancient frequently utilized system of writing on the planet. By virtue of their wide-spread present utilization in East Asia , and historic usage all through the Sinosphere , Chinese characters are probably the most generally used writing systems on earth by wide variety of people.
Research in China have indicated that practical literacy in written Chinese needs a understanding of between 3-4 thousand characters. 2,136 characters are coached in secondary school (the kanji ) in Japan; hundreds more come in day-to-day usage. The characters utilized in Japan are dissimilar to those utilized in China in many areas.
There are numerous national standard lists of forms, characters and pronunciations. Simplified forms of some characters are utilized in Singapore, mainland China and Malaysia ; the corresponding traditional characters are utilized in Hong Kong , Taiwan , Macau , and to some extent in South Korea .
In South Korea , whenever Chinese characters are utilized they’re of the conventional version and are nearly similar to those utilized in areas such as Taiwan and Hong Kong . Educating of Chinese characters in South Korea begins in the Seventh grade and proceeds till the 12th grade; as many as 1,800 characters will be coached, although all these characters are utilized merely in some cases (on academic papers, signs, historical writings, and so on.) and are gradually decreasing in use.
In Old Chinese, the majority of words were monosyllabic and there exists a close correspondence in between words and characters. In modern Chinese, characters don’t really correspond to words; in fact nearly all Chinese words these days contain 2 or more characters due to the merging and loss of sounds in the Chinese language as time passes. Instead, a character usually corresponds to a single syllable which is also a morpheme. On the other hand, there are some exclusions to this common correspondence, which includes bisyllabic morphemes (written with 2 characters), bimorphemic syllables (written with 2 characters) and instances when a single character presents a polysyllabic phrase or word.
Modern Chinese has lots of homophones ; therefore a similar spoken syllable can be symbolized by a lot of characters, based upon the meaning. A single character also can have a number of meanings, or at times very different meanings; sometimes these correspond to distinct pronunciations. Cognates in the several forms of Chinese are usually written with the exact same character. They generally have the same meanings, yet often quite different pronunciations.